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March 27, 2015

February 2015 YTD U.S. - International Air Passenger Traffic up Six Percent

International Air Traffic totaled 30.1 Million Passengers for first two months of 2015
Europe Traffic Up Two Percent; Asia Four Percent, Middle East 22 Percent
China Air Arrivals Up 60 Percent

U.S. - International Air Traffic

International non-stop air traffic to/from the U.S.(1) totaled 30.1 million passengers for January and February 2015, a six percent increase over the same two months in 2014.

U.S. citizen travel (12.7 million) was up seven percent, comprising 42 percent of all air traffic, and increased market share. Non-U.S. citizen air travelers (17.3 million) increased by five percent.

U.S. airlines carried 15.4 million passengers, up two percent, but their share declined to 51 percent. Foreign flags carried 14.7 million passengers, up nine percent from same period 2014

International Passengers (mlns) % Chg y-o-y Market Share % Pt. chg.
   U.S. Citizens 12.744 6.9% 42.4% 0.5
   Non-U.S. Citizens 17.345 4.7% 57.6% -0.5
         
   U.S. Flag Carriers (3) 15.434 2.4% 51.3% -1.6
   Foreign Flag Carriers 14.655 9.2% 48.7% 1.6

The following, overseas, Canada and Mexico regions are ‘breakouts’ of international:

Overseas air traffic accounted for 21.4 million passengers, 71 percent of all international, and grew by five percent.

U.S. citizen travel (9.1 million) increased six percent and comprised 43 percent of overseas air traffic. Non-U.S. citizen air travelers (12.3 million) increased by five percent.

U.S. airlines carried 10.6 million passengers, up two percent, their share dropping from 51 to 50 percent. Foreign flags carried 10.8 million passengers, up eight percent from February 2014 YTD.

Overseas Regions Passengers (mlns) % Chg y-o-y Market Share % Pt. chg.
   U.S. Citizens 9.112 5.5% 42.6% 0.2
   Non-U.S. Citizens 12.260 4.5% 57.4% -0.2
         
   U.S. Flag Carriers 10.569 2.1% 49.5% -1.3
   Foreign Flag Carriers 10.804 7.9% 50.5% 1.3

Overseas regions performed as follows:

Overseas Regions Passengers (mlns) % of all
International
% Change
2015 / 2014
   Europe    6.496    22%    1.9%
   Asia    4.766    16%    4.0%
   Caribbean    3.437    11%    11.0%
   South America    2.531    8%    0.4%
   Central America    1.890    6%    3.8%
   Middle East    1.327    4%    21.5%
   Oceania    0.747    2%    6.4%
   Africa    0.177    1%    -3.0%

China to U.S. 'Air Arrivals' (2) for February 2015:

  Non-U.S. Citizens
(Originating from PRC)
U.S. Citizens
(Returning to U.S.)
Total Inbound on
Non-stop Flights
Load Factor
(Estimate)
   Passengers 156,311 48,132 204,443 84.6%
   % Chg. Feb 15/14 61.2% -6.2%   37.9%  

Estimated capacity (241,701 seats) on inbound flights from PRC was up 17.8 percent year-over-year. However, overall inbound passenger growth was 37.9 percent passenger growth.

North American markets accounted for 29 percent of U.S. international air traffic flows.

Canadian air traffic accounted for 4.5 million passengers, 15 percent of all international traffic, and increased by six percent.

U.S. citizen travel (888,000) increased 13 percent and comprised 20 percent of air traffic. Canadian, and other foreign national citizen air travelers transiting through Canada (3.6 million), increased by five percent. Market share declined to 80 percent.

U.S. flags carried 1.7 million passengers, down one percent from 2014, and their share declined to 38 percent. Foreign flags carried 2.8 million passengers, up 10 percent.

Canada Region Passengers (mlns) % Chg y-o-y Market Share % Pt. chg.
   U.S. Citizens 0.888 12.6% 19.7% 1.2
   Non-U.S. Citizens 3.620 4.5% 80.3% -1.2
         
   U.S. Flag Carriers 1.702 -1.1% 37.8% -2.7
   Foreign Flag Carriers 2.806 10.8% 62.2% 2.7

Mexico air traffic accounted for 4.2 million passengers, 14 percent of all international traffic, and was up nine percent.

U.S. citizen travel (2.7 million) increased 10 percent and comprised 65 percent of all air traffic. Mexicans, and other foreign national air travelers (1.5 million) transiting through Mexico, increased by seven percent, market share slipped to 35 percent.

U.S. flags carried 3.2 million passengers, up six percent from 2014, and their share dropped from 77 to 75 percent. Foreign flags carried 1.0 million passengers, up 19 percent increasing share to 25 percent.

Mexican Region Passengers (mlns) % Chg y-o-y Market Share % Pt. chg.
   U.S. Citizens 2.745 9.7% 65.2% 0.6
   Non-U.S. Citizens 1.464 6.6% 34.8% -0.6
         
   U.S. Flag Carriers 3.164 5.6% 75.2% -2.1
   Foreign Flag Carriers 1.045 19.0% 24.8% 2.1

Top 10 Foreign Airports (Passenger Traffic to/From U.S.):
11.5 million Passengers, 38% of Total Air Traffic

    Passengers % Change y-o-y
1. London Heathrow (LHR) 1,869,179 1.8%
2. Toronto (YYZ) 1,868,101 7.3%
3. Tokyo Narita (NRT) 1,422,424 -6.1%
4. Cancun (CUN) 1,388,055 18.7%
5. Mexico City (MEX) 990,152 2.3%
6. Incheon (ICN) 930,191 11.8%
7. Vancouver (YVR) 815,999 14.9%
8. Frankfurt (FRT) 811,955 1.2%
9. Paris/de Gaulle (CDG) 760,994 0.3%
10. Sao Paulo (GRU) 611,482 17.9%

Top 10 U.S. Airports (Passenger Traffic to/from Foreign Airports):
20.4 million Passengers, 67% of Total Air Traffic

    Passengers % Change y-o-y
1. New York (JFK) 3,804,328 3.3%
2. Miami (MIA) 3,506,476 2.3%
3. Los Angeles (LAX) 2,976,730 4.9%
4. Atlanta (ATL) 1,661,803 6.0%
5. Newark (EWR) 1,660,702 5.6%
6. Chicago (ORD) 1,576,338 2.6%
7. Houston (IAH) 1,565,099 4.4%
8. San Francisco (SFO) 1,537,784 6.1%
9. Dallas-Ft Worth (DFW) 1,134,427 7.3%
10. Fort Lauderdale (FLL) 972,200 24.0%

Top 10 Airlines(3) Serving U.S. International Non-Stop Markets:
17.1 million Passengers, 57% of Total Air Traffic

    Passengers % Change y-o-y
1. United Airlines 4,377,611 0.6%
2. Delta Air Lines 3,462,375 7.8%
3. American Airlines 3,444,608 -2.8%
4. US Airways 1,093,447 -2.6%
5. British Airways 965,205 1.7%
6. JetBlue 948,381 17.1%
7. West Jet 854,232 5.7%
8. Air Canada (mainline) 729,566 -21.3%
9. Lufthansa 682,551 2.6%
10. AeroMexico 579,350 9.7%

Monthly changes: January 2015 was up 5.4 percent and February was up 5.8 percent. (See graph)

NTTO will publish the February U.S. Citizen Outbound, all mode travel, when aggregate Canadian and Mexican departure data has been received from Stats Canada and Banco de Mexico, respectively. (U.S. Citizen outbound is a component in the estimation of U.S. travel ‘imports’. For 2015, January, see: https://travel.trade.gov/view/m-2015-O-001/index.html

A description of the “APIS” program: https://travel.trade.gov/research/programs/i92/index.html includes subscription prices for detail reports in excel and adobe.

U.S. Department of Commerce
International Trade Administration
National Travel and Tourism Office (NTTO)
1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Room 10003
Washington, D.C. 20230
Phone: (202) 482-0140
Website: travel.trade.gov
Email: ntto@trade.gov


(1) These reflect non-stop air-only data. A portion of the non-stop passenger traffic to i.e., Europe will not visit Europe, but will connect through one of Europe’s airline hubs (LHR, AMS, FRA, CDG, MAD, etc.) to Africa and the Middle East. Also, some traffic to the Middle East will connect through the U.A.E. The adjustment to these regions, reflecting visitation (1+ nights), occurs after year-end data is compiled.

(2) Non-stop air arrivals from China (PRC). Non-U.S. citizens assumed to be mostly Chinese citizens. All inbound from China, including U.S. citizens returning, compared to available seats (DIIO/Innovata) to estimate load factor. Note: T-100 (U.S. DOT) data also discloses declining load factors through July 2014 vs 2013. Note: PRC travelers also connect via Asian hubs or Canada when traveling to U.S.

(3)Numbers for U.S. carriers varies from what has been reported by Airlines for America. A4A reported mainline numbers for most of their member carriers. A4A includes Canada in Domestic. The DHS-I92/APIS data includes all carriers with international service to/from the U.S. including regional carriers, both affiliated and non-affiliated, and general aviation. The I-92APIS, however is not inclusive of Pacific inter-port or other ‘beyond’ traffic

Performance metrics reported are:

  • Total air travel (arrivals + departures),
  • U.S. citizen and foreign citizen air travelers,
  • U.S. flag and foreign flag carriers,
  • Top U.S. and foreign airports.