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TI News: An information service from the National Travel & Tourism Office (NTTO)

August 12, 2014

First Quarter 2014 U.S. - International Air Passenger Traffic up Five Percent

Total International Traffic was up Three Percent in March
Asia and Europe Moderate Growth; Middle East up 13 Percent for Q1

International air traffic to/from the U.S.(1) totaled 44.8 million passengers through March 2014, a five percent increase over the March 2013 year-to-date period. U.S. citizen travel (19.3 million) was up six percent and comprised 43 percent of all air traffic. However, non-U.S. citizen air travelers (25.5 million) increased by four percent with a decline in market share to 57 percent.

U.S. airlines carried 23.9 million passengers, up four percent, dropping their share to 54 percent. Foreign flags carried 20.8 million passengers, up seven percent from same period 2013.

International Passengers (mlns) % Chg y-o-y Market Share % Pt. chg.
   U.S. Citizens 19.333 6.4% 43.2% 0.5
   Non-U.S. Citizens 25.463 4.4% 56.8% -0.5
         
   U.S. Flag Carriers (2) 23.949 4.0% 53.5% -0.6
   Foreign Flag Carriers 20.848 6.7% 46.5% 0.6

The following, overseas, Canada and Mexico regions are ‘breakouts’ of international:

Overseas air traffic accounted for 32.9 million passengers, 71 percent of all international, and grew by five percent. U.S. citizen travel (14.0 million) was up five percent and comprised 44 percent of overseas air traffic. Non-U.S. citizen air travelers (17.9 million) increased by four percent maintaining their market share at 56 percent.

U.S. airlines carried 16.4 million passengers, up three percent, their share dropping to 51 percent. Foreign flags carried 15.5 million passengers, up six percent from March 2013 YTD.

Overseas Regions Passengers (mlns) % Chg y-o-y Market Share % Pt. chg.
   U.S. Citizens 14.024 4.8% 44.0% 0.3
   Non-U.S. Citizens 17.866 4.3% 56.0% -0.3
         
   U.S. Flag Carriers 16.380 3.1% 51.4% -0.7
   Foreign Flag Carriers 15.510 6.2% 48.6% 0.7

Overseas regions performed as follows:

Overseas Regions Passengers (mlns) % of all
International
% Change
2014 / 2013
   Europe    10.306    23%    3.4%
   Asia    7.012    16%    4.0%
   Caribbean    5.028    11%    4.2%
   South America    3.716    8%    3.2%
   Central America    2.811    6%    9.8%
   Middle East    1.685    4%    13.0%
   Oceania    1.045    2%    3.8%
   Africa    0.285    1%    -6.8%

North American markets accounted for 29 percent of U.S. international air traffic flows.

Canadian air traffic accounted for 6.8 million passengers, 15 percent of all international traffic, and increased by four percent. U.S. citizen travel (1.2 million) increased four percent and comprised only 18 percent of air traffic. Canadian, and other foreign national citizen air travelers transiting through Canada (5.5 million), increased by four percent. Market share remained relatively unchanged at 82 percent.

U.S. flags carried 2.7 million passengers, up one percent from last year, and their share declined to 40 percent. Foreign flags carried 4.0 million passengers, up six percent.

Canada Region Passengers (mlns) % Chg y-o-y Market Share % Pt. chg.
   U.S. Citizens 1.248 3.7% 18.4% -0.1
   Non-U.S. Citizens 5.523 4.1% 81.6% 0.1
         
   U.S. Flag Carriers 2.737 1.0% 40.4% -1.2
   Foreign Flag Carriers 4.034 6.1% 59.6% 1.2

Mexico air traffic accounted for 6.1 million passengers, 14 percent of all international traffic, and was up 11 percent. U.S. citizen travel (4.1 million) increased 14 percent and comprised 66 percent of all air traffic, up 1.6 points. Mexicans, and other foreign national air travelers (2.1 million) transiting through Mexico, increased by six percent, with market share at 34 percent.

U.S. flags carried 4.8 million passengers, up nine percent from last year, and their share dropped to 79 percent. Foreign flags carried 1.3 million passengers, up 17 percent increasing share to 21 percent.

Mexican Region Passengers (mlns) % Chg y-o-y Market Share % Pt. chg.
   U.S. Citizens 4.061 13.5% 66.2% 1.6
   Non-U.S. Citizens 2.075 5.8% 33.8% -1.6
         
   U.S. Flag Carriers 4.832 9.3% 78.7% -1.1
   Foreign Flag Carriers 1.304 16.6% 21.3% 1.1

First Quarter 2014

Top 10 Foreign Airports (Passenger Traffic to/From U.S.):
17.2 million Passengers, 38% of Total International Air Traffic

    Passengers (mlns) % Change 14/13
1. London Heathrow (LHR) 2.909 1.4%
2. Toronto (YYZ) 2.788 3.2%
3. Tokyo Narita (NRT) 2.357 -0.7%
4. Cancun (CUN) 1.921 9.5%
5. Mexico City (MEX) 1.458 8.8%
6. Frankfurt (FRT) 1.271 0.1%
7. Paris/de Gaulle (CDG) 1.225 8.6%
8. Incheon (ICN) 1.219 4.2%
9. Vancouver (YVR) 1.117 6.9%
10. Montreal (YUL) 0.933 14.6%

Top 10 U.S. Airports (Passenger Traffic to/From Foreign Airports):
30.6 million Passengers, 68% of Total Air Traffic

    Passengers (mlns) % Change 14/13
1. New York (JFK) 5.782 3.6%
2. Miami (MIA) 5.149 2.1%
3. Los Angeles (LAX) 4.359 9.1%
4. Newark (EWR) 2.572 -1.0%
5. Atlanta (ATL) 2.500 8.8%
6. Chicago (ORD) 2.486 8.7%
7. Houston (IAH) 2.365 9.6%
8. San Francisco (SFO) 2.243 10.0%
9. Dallas-Ft Worth (DFW) 1.631 10.0%
10. Washington Dulles (IAD) 1.484 3.1%

Top 10 Airlines(2) Serving U.S. International Non-Stop Markets:
26.8 million Passengers, 60% of Total Air Traffic

    Passengers (mlns) % Change 14/13
1. United Airlines 7.031 1.6%
2. American Airlines 5.417 2.0%
3. Delta Air Lines 5.163 12.8%
4. US Airways 1.854 -3.3%
5. British Airways 1.498 3.6%
6. Air Canada 1.458 -22.0%
7. West Jet 1.279 9.2%
8. JetBlue 1.269 18.3%
9. Lufthansa 1.067 -0.9%
10. AeroMexico 0.792 24.5%

Monthly % changes:
January 2014 traffic was up 7.7 percent, February, up 5.5 percent and March, up 3.0 percent.
Note: Easter/Passover was ‘later’ this year April 20, 2014 vs. March 31, 2013.

Later this month NTTO will publish the March U.S. Citizen Outbound, all mode travel. (U.S. Citizen outbound is a component in the estimation of U.S. travel ‘imports’. For current 2014, February see: https://travel.trade.gov/view/m-2014-O-001/index.html

A description of the “APIS” program: https://travel.trade.gov/research/programs/i92/index.html includes subscription prices for detail reports in excel and adobe.

U.S. Department of Commerce
International Trade Administration
National Travel and Tourism Office (NTTO)
1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Room 10003
Washington, D.C. 20230
Phone: (202) 482-0140
Website: https://travel.trade.gov/
Email: ntto@trade.gov


(1) This reflects non-stop air-only data. A portion of the non-stop passenger traffic to i.e., Europe will not visit Europe, but will connect through one of Europe’s airline hubs (LHR, AMS, FRA, CDG, MAD, etc.) to Africa and the Middle East. The adjustment to these regions, reflecting visitation (1+ nights), occurs after year-end data is compiled.

(2) Numbers for U.S. carriers slightly exceed what has been reported by Airlines for America. A4A reported mainline numbers for most of their member carriers. The DHS-I92/APIS data includes all carriers with international service to/from the U.S. including regional carriers, both affiliated and non-affiliated, and general aviation. The I-92APIS, however is not inclusive of Pacific inter-port or other ‘beyond’ traffic.

Performance metrics reported are:

  • Total international air travel (arrivals + departures),
  • U.S. citizen and foreign citizen air travelers,
  • U.S. flag and foreign flag carriers,
  • Top U.S. and foreign airports.