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September 30, 2015

August 2015 YTD U.S. - International Air Passenger Traffic up Five Percent

Total International Traffic up almost Six Percent in August
China 'Inbound' Air traffic up 27 Percent

U.S. International Air Traffic

International air traffic to/from the U.S.(1) totaled 142.3 million passengers through August 2015, a five percent increase over the August 2014 year-to-date period.

U.S. citizen travel (65.3 million) was up seven percent and composed 46 percent of all air traffic. Non-U.S. citizen air travelers (77.0 million) increased by four percent with their market share at 54 percent.

U.S. airlines carried 72.3 million passengers, up two percent, with their share slipping to 51 percent. Foreign flags carried 70.0 million passengers, up nine percent from same period 2014.

International Passengers (mlns) % Chg y-o-y Market Share % Pt. chg.
   U.S. Citizens 65.266 6.7% 45.9% 0.7
   Non-U.S. Citizens 77.040 4.0% 54.1% -0.7
         
   U.S. Flag Carriers (3) 72.284 1.6% 50.8% -1.8
   Foreign Flag Carriers 70.023 9.2% 49.2% 1.8

The following, overseas, Canada and Mexico regions are ‘breakouts’ of international:

Overseas air traffic accounted for 104.7million passengers, 74 percent of all international, and grew by five percent.

U.S. citizen travel (47.8 million) was up five percent comprising 46 percent of overseas air traffic. Non-U.S. citizen air traveler (57.0 million) was up by four percent with their market share at 54 percent.

U.S. airlines carried 51.0 million passengers, up two percent, their share down to 49 percent. Foreign flags carried 53.8 million passengers, up eight percent from August 2014 YTD.

Overseas Regions Passengers (mlns) % Chg y-o-y Market Share % Pt. chg.
   U.S. Citizens 47.781 5.2% 45.6% 0.2
   Non-U.S. Citizens 56.951 4.2% 54.4% -0.2
         
   U.S. Flag Carriers 50.969 1.6% 48.7% -1.5
   Foreign Flag Carriers 53.762 7.8% 51.3% 1.5

Overseas regions performed as follows:

Overseas Regions Passengers (mlns) % of all
International
% Change
2015 / 2014 YTD
   Europe    39.937    28%    3.4%
   Asia    21.001    15%    5.1%
   Caribbean    15.818    11%    5.8%
   South America    10.214    7%    1.7%
   Central America    7.493    5%    2.0%
   Middle East    6.324    4%    18.8%
   Oceania    3.059    2%    5.3%
   Africa    0.885    1%    -5.8%

North American markets accounted for 26 percent of U.S. international air traffic flows.

China to U.S. 'Air Arrivals' (2) for August 2015:

  Non-U.S. Citizens
(Originating from PRC)
U.S. Citizens
(Returning to U.S.)
Total Inbound Passengers on
Non-stop Flights
Load Factor
(Estimate)
   Passengers 258,660 84,894 343,554 90.1%
   % Chg. Aug 15/14 26.5% 25.7% 26.3% -0.2 pts

Estimated capacity (381,332 seats) on non-stop flights from PRC was up 26.6 percent year-over-year, slightly exceeding overall inbound passenger growth of 26.5 percent.

Chinese carriers increased average weekly frequencies from 123 to 165, up 34 percent.

U.S. carriers increased average weekly frequencies from 118 to 138, up 17 percent

Canadian air traffic accounted for 19.4 million passengers, 14 percent of all international traffic, and increased by three percent.

U.S. citizen travel (5.7 million) increased nine percent and composed 29 percent of air traffic. Canadian, and other foreign national citizen air travelers transiting through Canada (13.7 million), increased by one percent. Market share slipped to 71 percent.

U.S. flags carried 8.0 million passengers, down four percent from last year, with their share dropping to 44 percent. Foreign flags carried 11.4 million passengers, up nine percent.

Canada Region Passengers (mlns) % Chg y-o-y Market Share % Pt. chg.
   U.S. Citizens 5.672 9.1% 29.3% 1.6
   Non-U.S. Citizens 13.705 0.9% 70.7% -1.6
         
   U.S. Flag Carriers 8.015 -4.4% 41.4% -3.3
   Foreign Flag Carriers 11.362 9.3% 58.6% 3.3

Mexico air traffic accounted for 18.2 million passengers, 13 percent of all international traffic, and was up 11 percent.

U.S. citizen travel (11.8 million) increased 12 percent and composed 65 percent of air traffic. Mexicans, and other foreign national air travelers (6.4 million) transiting through Mexico, increased by eight percent, with market share 35 percent.

U.S. flags carried 13.3 million passengers, up six percent from last year, and their share slipped to 73 percent. Foreign flags carried 4.9 million passengers, up 27 percent increasing share to 27 percent.

Mexican Region Passengers (mlns) % Chg y-o-y Market Share % Pt. chg.
   U.S. Citizens 11.814 12.0% 64.9% 0.7
   Non-U.S. Citizens 6.384 8.4% 35.1% -0.7
         
   U.S. Flag Carriers 13.299 5.6% 73.1% -3.5
   Foreign Flag Carriers 4.899 27.4% 26.9% 3.5

August 2015 Year-to-Date

Top 10 Foreign Airports (Passenger Traffic to/From U.S.):
55.4 million Passengers, 39% of Total International Air Traffic

    Passengers (mlns) % Change 15/14
1. London Heathrow (LHR) 9.839 1.6%
2. Toronto (YYZ) 8.380 6.4%
3. Tokyo Narita (NRT) 6.189 -3.4%
4. Cancun (CUN) 5.978 17.0%
5. Paris (CDG) 4.772 4.1%
6. Frankfurt (FRA) 4.657 2.9%
7. Mexico City (MEX) 4.608 9.2%
8. Incheon (ICN) 4.012 14.2%
9. Vancouver (YVR) 3.691 9.3%
10. Amsterdam (AMS) 3.282 5.5%

Top 10 U.S. Airports (Passenger Traffic to/From Foreign Airports):
98.3 million Passengers, 69% of Total Air Traffic

    Passengers (mlns) % Change 15/14
1. New York (JFK) 20.381 5.8%
2. Miami (MIA) 14.346 3.6%
3. Los Angeles (LAX) 14.028 6.4%
4. Chicago (ORD) 8.300 -0.1%
5. Newark (EWR) 8.235 0.4%
6. Atlanta (ATL) 7.745 2.4%
7. San Francisco (SFO) 7.605 7.9%
8. Houston (IAH) 7.351 6.1%
9. Dallas-Ft Worth (DFW) 5.389 9.1%
10. Washington Dulles (IAD) 4.949 0.3%

Top 10 Airlines(3) Serving U.S. International Non-Stop Markets:
80.4 million Passengers, 57% of Total Air Traffic

    Passengers (mlns) % Change 15/14
1. United Airlines 21.122 -0.2%
2. Delta Air Lines 16.814 4.4%
3. American Airlines 15.283 -0.5%
4. US Airways 5.646 -5.1%
5. British Airways 4.829 1.2%
6. JetBlue Airways 4.382 10.1%
7. Lufthansa 3.913 4.9%
8. West Jet 2.977 2.1%
9. Air Canada (mainline) 2.870 -9.5%
10. AeroMexico 2.545 14.8%

Monthly % changes:
January 2015 traffic up 5.4 percent; February, up 5.8 percent; March, up 4.5 percent; April, up 3.5 percent; May, up 5.1 percent; June, up 5.0 percent; July, up 6.5 percent and August, up 5.6 percent (see graph at top).

Subsequently NTTO will publish the August U.S. Citizen Outbound, all mode travel, when aggregate Canadian and Mexican departure data is received from Stats Canada and Banco de Mexico, respectively. (U.S. Citizen outbound is a component in the estimation of U.S. travel ‘imports’. For current 2015, July: http://travel.trade.gov/view/m-2015-O-001/index.html

A description of the “APIS” program: http://travel.trade.gov/research/programs/i92/index.html includes subscription prices for detail reports in excel and adobe.

U.S. Department of Commerce
International Trade Administration
National Travel and Tourism Office (NTTO)
1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Room 10003
Washington, D.C. 20230
Phone: (202) 482-0140
Website: http://travel.trade.gov/
Email: ntto@trade.gov


(1) These reflect non-stop air passenger -only data which derive from airline flight manifests of all ‘on-boards.’ Although these numbers include ‘visitors,’ according to UN WTO definitions, air traffic also includes transits, immigrants and other non-visitor visa types. A portion of the non-stop passenger traffic to i.e., Europe will not visit Europe, but will connect through one of Europe’s airline hubs (LHR, AMS, FRA, CDG, MAD, etc.) to Africa and the Middle East. Also, some traffic to the Middle East will connect through the U.A.E. The adjustment to these regions, reflecting visitation (1+ nights), occurs after year-end data is compiled via the Survey of International Air Travelers.

(2) Non-stop air arrivals from China (PRC). Non-U.S. citizens assumed to be mostly Chinese citizens. All inbound from China, including U.S. citizens returning, compared to available seats (DIIO/Innovata) to estimate load factor. . Note: PRC travelers also connect via Asian hubs or Canada when traveling to U.S.

(3) Numbers for U.S. carriers varies from what has been reported by Airlines for America. A4A reported mainline numbers for most of their member carriers. A4A includes Canada in Domestic. The DHS-I92/APIS data includes all carriers with international service to/from the U.S. including regional carriers, both affiliated and non-affiliated, and general aviation. The I-92APIS, however is not inclusive of Pacific inter-port or other ‘beyond’ traffic

Performance metrics reported are:

  • Total international air travel (arrivals + departures),
  • U.S. citizen and foreign citizen air travelers,
  • U.S. flag and foreign flagcarriers,
  • Top U.S. and foreign airports.